The traditional dress of Indian Woman is Saree which is very popular through out the World for its design , variety , textures and colors .
Santipur & Fulia from Nadia districts of west Bengal , India are the two geographic twins where hand woven Tant sarees are being made and getting export to different part of the world apart from Indian Market . It is said that this culture of hand woven sarees are coninuing from 15th Century and still going on , though due to very low wages and high production cost many of the weavers have switched to machine made Tant , but still almost 5000 + people from these 2 areas are still attached with this profession .
During partition of Indian & Bangladesh many of the weavers from Tangail district of Bangladesh are now settled down at Fulia district who are the founder of Dhakai Jamdani which is one of the Classic traditional woman wear during the British period , but after migration with the latest technology and great skills the people from Fuila also made their own creation which is called Fulia Tangail or Bengali Tant Sarees which resembles their past .
The process of being made for all these sarees are having many steps , like drying the fibers jute's in chemical with required color for making the shades and make them proper dry under sunlight for minimum 2 to 3 days . Once this is being done they send the same to different weavers families who basically made the assembling of threads into bobbins from this jute fibers .
The quality of the sarees and the price basically depend on these fine bobbins which are the basic ingredients of the Sarees . Once this is done these bobbins are fixed into hand made weaver to make the final design , some of them also made design with ready made frames for making them more attractive .
Once the weaving is complete it is again getting dried under Sunlight in an open space where weavers are making final polish to made them ready for the market. The prices of these sarees range between 200 - 2000 ( 3 $ - 30 $ ) to the market depend on the quality , textures and design .
Durga Puja is the best time in West bengal when markets are having huge demand of these sarees and the average production time by hand made woven is around 12 to 14 hours means 1 - 2 Saree / day .
The industry is currently suffering for low price value to the weavers as a result many of the next generation from their families quit this old heritage profession and switch to different trade of Jobs & those who are having financial stability have taken Electric Hand loom machine which produce minimum 5 to 6 saree a day and become cost effective for the weavers. Government has taken many steps to support this Small scale industries but still it required many more support for the survival of the weavers and the old heritage tradition of West Bengal .
Photo & Report : Avishek Das
West Bengal , India
Avishek Das / SIPA China